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Roman Kings From a village to a city VideoRoman History 01 - The Mythic Kings 753-509 BC
Die Spielauswahl in FuГџball Freitagsspiel Online Roman Kings ist riesig, Berlin 1986. - No comments yet. Be the first.Mann, die Location macht was her. Rome's Last Two Kings The death of Tarquinius Priscus marked the end of the legitimate kingship in Rome. The actual title varied over time. Technologies Used in Distance Learning. Main page Contents Current events Random article About Fenerbahce Istanbulspor Contact us Donate. The boy was often known colloquially by this title AbstГ¤nde Dartscheibe his short life.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Ancient Rome. Principate 27 BC — AD Dominate AD — Western AD — Eastern AD — Roman law Ius Imperium Mos maiorum Collegiality Auctoritas Roman citizenship Cursus honorum Senatus consultum.
Centuriate Curiate Plebeian Tribal. Consul Praetor Quaestor Promagistrate Aedile Tribune Censor Governor. Corrector Dictator Magister equitum Consular tribune Rex Triumviri Decemviri.
Legatus Dux Officium Praeses Praefectus Vicarius Vigintisexviri Lictor Magister militum Imperator Princeps senatus Pontifex maximus Augustus Caesar Tetrarch.
Other countries. Main article: Roman Republic. Morey, Ph. Kings of Rome. List of historic states of Italy. Lega dei popoli Etruscan dodecapolis.
Odoacer's rule — Ostrogothic rule — Vandal rule — Lombard rule — Duchy of Benevento Duchy of Friuli Duchy of Ivrea Duchy of Spoleto Duchy of Tridentum.
Exarchate of Ravenna — Duchy of Rome — Duchy of Perugia — Duchy of the Pentapolis — Exarchate of Africa — Bishopric of Bressanone City of Fiume and its District Commune of Rome County of Gorizia Princely County of Gorizia and Gradisca County of Guastalla Duchy of Guastalla Kingdom of Italy Ancona Ceva Finale March of Friuli Patria del Friuli Patriarchate of Aquileia Ivrea Istria Mantua Milan March of Montferrat Duchy of Montferrat Tyrol Trieste Turin Tuscany Verona Duchy of Ivrea Duchy of Mantua Duchy of Massa and Carrara Duchy of Merania Duchy of Mirandola Duchy of Modena and Reggio Principality of Piombino Duchy of Reggio Marquisate of Saluzzo Duchy of Spoleto Bishopric of Tarantasia Bishopric of Trento Grand Duchy of Tuscany.
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Outline Timeline. Foundation Kingdom overthrow Republic. History Pax Romana Principate Dominate Western Empire fall historiography of the fall Byzantine Empire decline fall.
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Twelve Tables Mos maiorum Citizenship Auctoritas Imperium Status Litigation. Curia Forum Cursus honorum Collegiality Emperor Legatus Dux Officium Prefect Vicarius Vigintisexviri Lictor Magister militum Imperator Princeps senatus Pontifex Maximus Augustus Caesar Tetrarch Optimates Populares Province.
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After his election, the new king would be crowned as King of the Romans Romanorum Rex , usually at Charlemagne's throne in Aachen Cathedral by the Archbishop of Cologne.
Though the ceremony was no more than a symbolic validation of the election result, it was solemnly celebrated. The details of Otto's coronation in are described by the medieval chronicler Widukind of Corvey in his Res gestae saxonicae.
The kings received the Imperial Crown from at least , at the coronation of Conrad II. In the Hohenstaufen candidate Philip of Swabia was crowned Rex Romanorum at Mainz Cathedral as was King Rupert centuries later , but he had another coronation in Aachen after he had prevailed against his Welf rival Otto IV.
At some time after the ceremony, the king would, if possible, cross the Alps , to receive coronation in Pavia or Milan with the Iron Crown of Lombardy as King of Italy.
Finally, he would travel to Rome and be crowned Emperor by the Pope. Because it was rarely possible for the elected King to proceed immediately to Rome for his crowning, several years might elapse between election and coronation, and some Kings never completed the journey to Rome at all.
As a suitable title for the King between his election and his coronation as Emperor, Romanorum Rex would stress the plenitude of his authority over the Empire and his warrant to be future Emperor Imperator futurus without infringing upon the Papal privilege.
Not all Kings of the Romans made this step, sometimes because of hostile relations with the Pope, or because either the pressure of business at home or warfare in Germany or Italy made it impossible for the King to make the journey.
In such cases, the king might retain the title "King of the Romans" for his entire reign. The title Romanorum Rex became functionally obsolete after , when the Pope permitted King Maximilian I to use the title of Electus Romanorum Imperator "elected Emperor of the Romans" after he failed in a good-faith attempt to journey to Rome.
At this time Maximilian also took the new title "King of the Germans" or "King in Germany" Germaniae rex , König in Germanien , but the latter was never used as a primary title.
The rulers of the Empire thereafter called themselves "Emperors" without going to Rome or soliciting Papal approval, taking the title as soon as they were crowned in Germany or upon the death of a sitting Emperor if they were elected as heir to the throne.
The regnal dates given are those between either the election as king or the death of his predecessor and either becoming emperor, deposition or death.
Disputed holders are in italics. After Charles V, Holy Roman Emperors assumed the title of "king of the Romans" at the same time as being elected emperor.
The titles of "Roman Emperor elect" erwählter Römischer Kaiser and "king in Germany" König in Germanien continued to be used as part of the full style of the emperors until When Francis II founded the Austrian Empire in , he used as his style for the last two years before the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire:.
The Holy Roman Empire was an elective monarchy. No person had a legal right to the succession simply because he was related to the current Emperor. However, the Emperor could, and often did, have a relative usually a son elected to succeed him after his death.
This elected heir apparent bore the title "King of the Romans". The election was in the same form as that of the senior ruler, and theoretically meant that both men were equal co-rulers of the Empire.
In practice, however, the actual administration of the Empire was always managed by the Emperor, with at most certain duties delegated to the heir.
The following were subordinate kings to another Holy Roman Emperor usually, but not always, their father for the dates specified.
When Napoleon I, Emperor of the French , had a son and heir, Napoleon II —32 , he revived the title as King of Rome Roi de Rome , styling his son as such at birth.
The boy was often known colloquially by this title throughout his short life. However, from onward, he was styled officially as the Duke of Reichstadt by Emperor Francis I of Austria.
This article uses material translated from the corresponding article in the German-language Wikipedia, which, in turn, cites a source that contains further references:.
A warrior king, Marcius added to Roman territory by conquering neighboring Latin cities and moving their people to Rome. Marcius also founded the port city of Ostia.
The first Etruscan king of Rome, Tarquinius Priscus sometimes referred to as Tarquin the Elder had a Corinthian father.
After moving to Rome, he became friendly with Ancus Marcius and was named as guardian to Marcius's sons. As king, he gained ascendance over neighboring tribes and defeated the Sabines, Latins, and Etruscans in battle.
Tarquin created new senators and expanded Rome. He also established the Roman Circus Games. While there is some uncertainty about his legacy, it is said that he undertook the construction of the great Temple of Jupiter Capitolinus, started the construction of the Cloaca Maxima a massive sewer system , and expanded the role of Etruscans in Roman governance.
Servius Tullius was the son-in-law of Tarquinius Priscus. He instituted the first census in Rome, which was used to determine the number of representatives each area had in the Senate.
Servius Tullius also divided the Roman citizens into tribes and fixed the military obligations of 5 census-determined classes.
The tyrannical Tarquinius Superbus or Tarquin the Proud was the last Etruscan or any king of Rome. He formed the Roman Senate with one hundred men and gave the inhabitants of Rome a body of laws.
After founding the city, Romulus invited merchants and men of all kinds to settle in Palatine Hill. As a consequence, the Sabine King, Titus Tatius attacked Rome and took the Capitol.
Finally, Romulus shared the kingship of the city with Titus Tatius until his death. The list of the seven kings of Rome, or eight if we include Titus Tatius, is as follows: Romulus, Numa Pompilius, Tullus Hostilius, Ancus Marcius, Tarquinius Priscus, Servius Tullius, Tarquinius Superbus.
No historian doubts the existence of the last three kings, since there is clear evidence of their reigns in Rome.